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review Les Mots Ö eBook or Kindle ePUB ç [KINDLE] ❅ Les Mots ❦ Jean-Paul Sartre – After his father's early death Jean Paul Sartre was brought up at his grandfather's home in a world even then eighty years out of date In Words Sartre recalls growing up within the confines of French After his father'Reading and writing A brilliant work of self analysis Words provides an essential background to the philosophy of one of the profoundest thinkers of the twentieth century. This book is an awesome display of the deeply literary and ‘religious’—religious in the sense of considering all the world and one’s self to be profoundly significant and purposive in every part— nature of Sartre It explains so much about him The title The Words refers to the way he attached a supremely high value in the first half of his life to reading writing and being read This is an autobiographical account of his first ten years of life which were so formative for his adult life I cannot emphasize enough how very much of Sartre’s philosophy is explained here I was actually shocked to discover in his first decade alone so many unveilings to the meaning AND motive for his later work Sartre was once tempted to think it funny that people wondered if he even had a childhood “When I was thirty friends were surprised ‘One would think you didn’t have parents Or a childhood’ And I was silly enough to feel flattered” This was due to Sartre’s early adult abandonment of his past which he believed could only be interpreted from his future Now Sartre is writing this book in his sixties and finding value in his earlier life like he thought he would but in a different way I truly believe he grew to appreciate each moment of his life in itself rather than as a chronicle to lure others into loving himself which he couldn’t do “Because I did not love myself sufficiently I fled forward The result is that I loved myself still less”Sartre’s father died when he was two years old and his mother moved with him into her parents’ home It was an upper middleclass home steeped in education impassioned politics and family tension which would indelibly shape his psyche and self esteem for the rest of his life His relationship with his mother was much like brother and sister even as an adult to a child at times and he accustomed himself to calling her by her name “Anne Marie” The cause of this was his grandfather’s contempt for Jean Paul’s father who died very inconveniently and the subseuent belittling treatment of Anne Marie by his grandfather who was irked to have his daughter again as his dependent plus one leveled in Jean Paul’s mind the roles of Jean Paul and his mother Anne Marie was treated as an importunate child but Jean Paul was coddled as his grandfather’s alter ego and praised from a young age for his precocity Actually he was a spoiled brat and he knew it and it wasn’t long before he despised himself for the pretentious melodrama with which he stooped to please his grandfather and sustain his image as a child prodigy Sartre developed a persona that existed solely to please others around him and his authentic abilities and desires were hidden deep beneath a veneer that was for him hardly comfortable or satisfying “Even in solitude I was putting on an act I sank deeper and deeper into imposture Condemned to please I endowed myself with charms that withered on the spot” He developed many neuroses during his younger years and may never have outgrown some of them His feeling of superfluity and absolute insignificance apart from the attention of his doters which was inconsistent at best and frankly demoralizing hollowed out his sense of security and worth and he increasingly repressed and compartmentalized his less favorable habits interests and personality traits to survive socially The result is that he loathed himself and all identity pimps He fell in love with writing only superficially and theatrically at first determined to impress his watchers He then introverted so far that he couldn’t find his way out for a long time and he wrote himself into an self awareness coma by creating fictions in which he was always a delivering hero and the world was celebrating him eternally It was during this time he began to live ‘posthumously’ imputing meaning to his life by imagining how his ideas and fantastical exploits would be read by people after he was dead Only then did he believe his life would be explained and his value to others would be etched in stone as a form of ‘legacy’ which has been a maelstrom for many heroes and celebrities who have unwittingly wasted their life in this denial of self Much of this early tortuous introspection and self loathing was because he had no friends—he wasn’t permitted to attend schools which didn’t ‘recognize’ his genius—and when he finally made friends at a school he was allowed to attend he began the slow process of breaking out of what was uickly becoming a sociopathic escapism “the human race became a small committee surrounded by affectionate animals” though he would never completely overcome the desire to see his life as a book which would justify all of his actions in some future reader’s mind In his later years he began to be grieved about his early and late inauthenticity He relates that while writing Nausea he was “fake to the marrow of my bones and hoodwinked” And yet as much as he tried to escape it he resorted to the ‘elitism’ of criticizing everyone but at the same time “I was I the elect chronicler of hell a glass and steel microscope peering at my own protoplasmic juicesI doubted everything except that I was the elect of doubt” In trying to get back to the beginning of his insincerity and objectified artificial persona he found an infinite regression of personas that was forever creating new masks for him to unmask This was a foreshadowing of his theory of the spontaneous and transcendent ego which is beyond our reach for it inspires and directs our reach Any sense of self that we discover or delineate has become an artifice a forgery of the real self which is impelling the discovering and objectifying a decoy ‘self’ Trying to get to the back of the cogito probably kept him busy for a while and this along with a fear of death inflamed his neuroticism “I lived in a state of terror; it was a genuine neurosis” I’m truly saddened to think how many psychoses and suicides a little Zoloft back in the day might have prevented Sartre was truly oppressed by the thought ingrained in him mostly by his grandfather’s behavior that he was not needed anywhere or had any importance to anyone He felt completely superfluous I think his psyche and nervous system was scarred by having to play act for his grandfather so much He literally did not feel significant or valuable and was looking for ways to make himself feel ‘real’ “We were never in our own homeThis caused me no suffering since everything was loaned to me but I remained abstract Worldly possessions reflect to their owner what he is; they taught me what I was not I was not substantial or permanent I was not the future continuer of my father’s work I was not necessary to the production of steel In short I had no soul” At nine years old c’mon he was thinking about the existential ‘holes’ people leave behind when they aren’t at a party or gathering and people notice that they are ‘not there’ This spoke to Sartre of necessity and he so badly wanted to feel necessary in a way that his absence would be palpable and would shake the world It affected his whole outlook on his literary career and Sartre admitted that it still affected him in his later years His desire to write in such a way that he would be immortalized and ‘missed’ when he was dead consumed him He later realized the flaw of living solely that you would be remembered and labeled this “posthumous” thinking; and yet he couldn’t shake the need to leave a profound impression with others about his past being whether or not he was still ‘being’ or not This probably illuminates his matured ideas about intersubjectivity and our connection to others that is irreducible and fundamental to our consciousness and being Could it be that Sartre so badly felt the need to be needed that he invented a philosophy in which this need is proof of our ontological interconnectivity Or could Sartre have felt intensely and consistently this need we all have and rightly surmised a possible reason for it that better explains its appearance than any other theory I think bothSartre gives an excellent analogy about how he began to feel which may communicate to the reader in imagery than Sartre could explain in abstract philosophy“Since nobody laid claim to me seriously I laid claim to being indispensable to the Universe What could be haughtier What could be sillier The fact is that I had no choice I had sneaked onto a train and fallen asleep and when the ticket collector shook me and asked for my ticket I had to admit that I had none Nor did I have the money with which to pay my fare on the spot I began by pleading guilty I had left my identity card at home I no longer even remembered how I had gotten by the ticket puncher but I admitted that I had sneaked on to the train Far from challenging the authority of the ticket collector I loudly proclaimed my respect for his functions and complied in advance with his decision At that extreme degree of humility the only way I could save myself was by reversing the situation I therefore revealed that I had to be in Dijon for important and secret reasons reason that concerned France and perhaps all mankind If things were viewed in this new light it would be apparent that no one in the entire train had as much right as I to occupy a seat Of course this involved a higher law which conflicted with the regulations but if the ticket collector took it upon himself to interrupt my journey he would cause grave complications the conseuences of which would be his responsibility I urged him to think it over; was it reasonable to do

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Within the confines of French provincialism in the period before the First World War an illusion ridden childhood made bearable by his lively imagination and passion for. Les Mots is probably the most personal and honest book Sartre ever wrote A poignant look prevails from the first to the last page as he unravels his most inner memories dissecting to the last particle the place each of them had in forming the future author’s identity For the most part he had a joyful childhood living with his maternal grandparents and his mother after his father died when was only one year old This family situation the word Situation echoes the philosophical term and his famous series published in several volumes by Gallimard that constitutes some of the most original essay writing of the 20th century proved the perfect environment to nourish his artistic talent The figure of Charles Schweitzer his grandfather is crucial to his development He was a model and a teacher to his grandson It is in his impressive library at home that the child discovered the realm of literature early on an encounter that would prove fundamental in his upbringing An only child surrounded by adults in the center of family life this prevailing devotion towards him developed into his narcissistic personality later on In a remarkable section of compelling and organic prose he describes his first encounter with books J’ai commencé ma vie comme je la finirai sans doute  au milieu des livres Dans le bureau de mon grand père il y en avait partout ; défense était faite de les épousseter sauf une fois l’an avant la rentrée d’octobre Je ne savais pas encore lire ue déjà je les révérais ces pierres levées ; droites ou penchées serrées comme des briues sur les rayons de la bibliothèue ou noblement espacées en allées de menhirs je sentais ue la prospérité de notre famille en dépendaitI found my religion he sustains nothing was important than a book In the library I saw a temple J’avais trouvé ma religion  rien ne me parut plus important u’un livre La bibliothèue j’y voyais un templeThe book is divided in two halves each representing a major and central discovery read and write In books he discovered his fascination with fantastic stories a seed that would flourish later on into his writing A lonely child literature became his passion and later when he began writing the creation of his own stories offered a uniue view of the world around him Two characters are clearly present in this extraordinary work Sartre the philosopher writing the book in 1963 and Sartre the literary figure that is the child discovering in the art of fiction a means of expression This juxtaposition of the two identities explains why Les Mots is an essay of auto existential psychoanalysis A situation now I refer to the philosophical term according to Sartre is what stimulates us to make a free decision When a situation arrives it is through it that we choose what we will become Following this logic the 8 year old Jean Paul Sartre of his own will and in all liberty chose to be a writer A peine eus je commencé d’écrire je posai ma plume pour jubiler L’imposture était la même mais j’ai dit ue je tenais les mots pour la uintessence des choses Rien ne me troublait plus ue de voir mes pattes de mouche échanger peu à peu leur luisance de feux follets contre la terne consistance de la matière c’était la réalisation de l’imaginaireThis is without a doubt an impressive literary work

free download ✓ eBook or Kindle ePUB ç Jean-Paul Sartre

Les MotsAfter his father's early death Jean Paul Sartre was brought up at his grandfather's home in a world even then eighty years out of date In Words Sartre recalls growing up. The Words Jean Paul Sartre's autobiographical work on childhood remembrance is split into two parts Reading writing and looking back from the point of view of an almost sixty year old Sartre moves on many levels Told with a philosophical romanticism for the past Sartre opens up about his first acuaintance with books and about his first desire to become a writer which having been partly raised by a grandfather who was surrounded by a world books comes as little surpriseAfter first writing about his grandparents and their families his story moved on to his parents how they met and of losing his father at a very young age Little Jean was then seen as the centre of attention during his first ten years and thus developed a selfishness something which the older Sartre didn't try to hide from when writing this book The young Sartre might not come across as wholey likeable but at least the older Sartre was being honest and not making himself out to be the model child He even ended up being expelled from school for writing a bad dictationJean Paul was a hermit in the company of other children with his grandfather being the most influential person in his development and he only fell in love with writing superficially and theatrically to begin with simply to impress his watchers But it's evidently clear that from a certain age he lived for books and writers were seen as his best friends His hyper developed sensitivity to angst and boredom even led a nine year old Sartre yes just nine to start pondering on the existential holes in people's lives And the rest as they say is history So as well as being a childhood memoir The Words also explores parts of Sartre’s craftemenship in existentialist philosophy and is generally seen as Sartre closing his literary career This book is an impressive display of the deeply literary nature of Sartre is written in way that is intelligent spontaneous sometimes difficult sometimes playful but most importantly always honest