reader Û You Are Not a Gadget A Manifesto ✓ 223 pages

ePub You Are Not a Gadget A Manifesto

reader Û You Are Not a Gadget A Manifesto ✓ 223 pages ↠ ❆ [KINDLE] ✿ You Are Not a Gadget A Manifesto By Jaron Lanier ➟ – In You are Not a Gadget digital guru and virtual reality pioneer Jaron Lanier reveals how the internet is deadening personal interaction sEntist who has spent his career pushing the transformative power of modern technology to its limits From coining the term 'Virtual Reality' and creating the world's first immersive avatars to developing cutting edge medical imaging and surgical techniues Lanier is one of the premier designers and engineers at work todayA musician with a collection of over instruments he has been recognised by Encyclopedia Britannica but certainly not Wikipedia as one of history's greatest inventors and named one of the top one hundred public intellectuals in the world by Prospect and Foreign Policy I had decided to give this four stars but then I read the other Goodreads reviewsEveryone I could see was giving it five or one based on whether or not they agreed My personal favourite review was one where the reviewer hadn't read the book at all but had read a New York Times review of the book and reviewed the book based on that alone I don't know if the author would find that hilarious or horrifying as it both validates his entire thesis and goes against everything the book hopes to inspireSo I don't agree with everything but I agree with the base underlying idea we humans and our internet are both far complicated interesting and vast than the current trend of web applications can hope to contain and it does us a great disservice to lower ourselves to the level of database entriesMy uestion as my friend Craig knows is always then how do we fix it I need to think on that I had a lot of these ideas before but never had them worded uite so clearlyand it seems it's time to think on it all again Because if we the technopriests to borrow our 1995 terminology can't be bothered to lead the flock to a better world then we deserve the world we get and are getting And that world kinda horrifies me to be honest

Jaron Lanier ë You Are Not a Gadget A Manifesto doc

Future where individuals mean than machines this is a searing manifesto against mass mediocrity a creative call to arms and an impassioned defence of the human'A provocative and sure to be controversial book Lucid powerful and persuasive'   The New York Times'There is hardly a page that does not contain some fascinating provocation'    Guardian'Short and frightening from a position of real knowledge and insight'Zadie Smith New York Review of Books'Poetic and prophetic this could be the most important book of the year'    The TimesJaron Lanier is a philosopher and computer sci This is a slim book that should have been slimmer In fact it should probably have been a couple of articles in Wired Magazine instead I think the Wired readership is pretty much the core target audience for this book The author is a long time software engineer musician and philosopher of technology I’m not sure I’ve ever read any book by a philosopher of technology but that’s definitely what he is The upside of that approach is that he thinks of technology within a framework of ethics and esthetics The downside is that he rants a lot in ways that are both uirky and crankyThe book starts with a long discussion about how early technology standards or platform designs think Windows or UNIX lock in a certain kind of architecture that shapes everything that is built on top of it or plugs into it for better or worse His favorite whipping boy is the MIDI standard used for digitizing music which as a professional musician he thinks is lousy but too deeply entrenched to displace OK but that’s always been the case with standards We’re kind of stuck with railroad gauges of a certain width and light bulb sockets of a certain diameter unless we want to do a lot of large scale tearing down and rebuilding This is not exactly a novel insight Nor is it clear how you avoid this or even if a flawed standard is really worse than the chaos of no standard at allMuch later in the book he makes some very interesting points about what he calls “encapsulated technology” such as computing hardware devices or iPods or Blackberries These he believes progress very rapidly according to Moore’s Law precisely because they are protected behind a sort of fortress wall that makes it possible for their designers to keep advancing the state of the art while they open up some selected aspects of their platforms for 3rd party developers – as Apple and Research in Motion Blackberry have done With open source software by contrast there is no such encapsulation or protection Result this software does NOT evolve This is a very surprising observation and immediately what come to mind are such seeming counter examples as Wikipedia and LINUX But as he points out these two highly successful products are based on long established pre existing models which grew up in the old “encapsulated world” Encyclopedia Britannica and UNIX So are Wikipedia and LINUX truly new or are they just evolutionary advances that harnessed the collective energies of countless contributors willing to work for free in exchange for some bragging rights I think Lanier is mostly right on thisThe above examples lead Lanier to argue that the whole “hive mind” approach of the web and open source and “mash up” style creative models may be running out of juice In fact he thinks they’re suffering from what archeologists would call “pattern exhaustion” where a civilization runs out of new ideas and just starts repeating the same old patterns with minor variations – think of the Maya or Imperial China in their late stages He thinks this hive mind is really killing diversity and original thinking on the web This is pretty provocative stuff coming from Lanier with a lot of truth in itI also very much liked his discussion of the impact of anonymity on the hive mind that drives social networking on the web Since so much of it is anonymous users hide behind a mask and begin writing very ugly andor mindless things Recall that the Ku Klux Klansmen also liked to hide behind their sheets with predictably ugly results It’s not likely that any of this is making a contribution to our civilization Anonymity hiding behind a pseudonym and privacy keeping others from nosing around your personal information are NOT the same thing – which is not a distinction that Lanier makes very clearly howeverHe whines a lot about the implications of creative content on the web being free especially content such as music and journalism Remember he’s a musician and a writer Increasingly people can’t make a living in these professions because they can’t compete against free This is true but is much like complaining about the weather In any industry where barriers to entry are low the marketplace is global the cost of distribution is next to zero and the producers musiciansjournalists are willing to do what they do for little or no money because they love what they do then prices will inevitably move to ridiculously low levels – in most cases FREE – for all but a small rarefied portion of that creative content eg the New York Times and music from brand name musicians I think Lanier forgets that for professions such as music the creators have almost always been unpaid for as long as music has existed Even Mozart nearly starved to death There was a brief heyday for paid musicians in the 20th century but that was an anomalyHis lengthy discussion of “computationally enhanced corruption” was entertaining – not least for the label he used to describe it – but mostly uninformed Yes it’s true that global networks and powerful computers and sophisticated trading platforms have made all kinds of scams possible – things such as Collateralized Debt Obligations CDOs the scam used to peddle near worthless sub prime mortgages to unsuspecting investors all over the world and obscure derivatives strategies and hedging schemes Collectively these nearly brought down the global financial system But very little of what Lanier proposes would have done anything to stop it Overall You Are Not a Gadget was thought provoking and sometimes infuriating but I still maintain it would have been better delivered as a couple of magazine articles in Wired rather than a full length book

eBook ò You Are Not a Gadget A Manifesto ë Jaron Lanier

You Are Not a Gadget A ManifestoNot a Kindle #207 In Not a Gadget A PDFEPUB or You are Not a Gadget digital guru and virtual reality pioneer Jaron Lanier reveals how the internet is deadening You Are MOBI #10003 personal interaction stifling genuine inventiveness and even changing us as peopleSomething went wrong around the start of the twenty first century Are Not a MOBI #244 The crowd was wise Social networks replaced individual creativity There were places to express ourselves than ever before yet no one Are Not a Gadget A PDF or really had anything to sayDoes this have to be our futureShowing us the way to a UPDATED 1513 at bottomThere are many ideas floating about in the mind of Jaron Lanier the guy who popularized the term virtual reality was with Atari in the beginning and has for decades been involved with VR as a teacher consultant and architect One of his notions the core argument of this book is that much of current internet interface design so called Web 20 is hazardous to users certain specific popular internet designs of the moment—not the internet as a whole—tend to pull us into life patterns that gradually degrade the ways in which each of us exists as individuals These unfortunate designs are oriented toward treating people as relays in a global brain He takes issue as well with the idea that content should not have to be paid for the idea that information should be “free” sounds good at first But the unintended result is that all the clout and money generated online has begun to accumulate around people close to only certain highly secretive computers many of which are essentially spying operations designed to sell advertising and access or to pull money out of a marketplace as if by black magic The motives of the people who comprise the online elites aren’t necessarily badbut nevertheless the structure of the online economy as it has developed is hurting the middle class and the viability of capitalism for everyone in the long termHe points out that those who make their living from creativity writers artists photographers designers are under an all out assault by on line providers eager to deliver art only as a means of generating ad revenue to themselves not the creatives who actually produce content Lanier sees the rise of what he calls “digital serfdom” yet another attack on the middle class With the bi polar tax code in the US that punishes actual work the demise of support for working people by a viable liberal Democratic Party and the off shoring of as much work as possible by capital that encounters fewer and fewer limitations on trans national transit the middle class does not need yet another drain on our resources and ability to earn a living yet here it is Lanier makes a compelling case that value in the form of dollars accumulates increasingly in the pockets of internet giants like Google and and the ability for individual content producers to make a living from their creative product is declining And further that any economic gains we might see from technological advances will be swallowed up by the really big fish leaving us ultimately worse off the notion that cheaper computers smartphones etc will compensate for the growing economic gap is just not true Ultimately mounting poverty will outpace cost savings and everyone will suffer We can’t count on anything but a strong middle class to maintain many things dear to us widespread self determination and liberty a dynamic commercial market filled with surprises and a democracy that can’t be bought because ordinary people have enough clout to stand up for themselves Some of the current popular online designs as appealing as they might seem at first are leading us away from these wonderful thingsThe rest is details But the details are pretty interesting Lanier goes into specifics re how users are being sliced diced and re sold like toxic assets as the extant interfaces rely increasingly on our giving up and of ourselves There are loftier concepts in the air as well in the book Lanier looks at what he calls the “hive mind” and examines assumptions regarding the likelihood of artificial consciousness arising from increasingly vast connected cloud computer resourcesHe examines why it is that software advances cannot match Moore’s Law namely that hardware efficiency doubles every 18 months Current software at any time is of necessity the tip we see of a very large icebergLanier dabbles into the implication of things like NCLBwhat computerized analysis of all the country’s school tests has done to education is exactly what Facebook has done to friendships In both cases life is turned into a databaseLanier offers a wealth of intriguing ideas in this relatively small volume I was most fascinated with what he had to say about cephalopods and a possible source for our species’ appreciation of metaphor I enjoyed the book and it made me think but I also must confess that I drifted a bit while reading some of the latter chapters Sometimes he wanders afield Otherwise You are Not a Gadget made me hopeful that at least some people are aware of the darker implications of current trends and are thinking about not only how we got here but some ways in which we might avoid some of the problems that are beginning to emergeUPDATESJanuary 5 2013 I came across this fascinating interview with the author in Smithsonian magazineAugust 24 2020 G The Conscience of Silicon Valley By Zach Baron on the fulfillment of Lanier's predictions and possible correctives looking forward