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reader ´ Military Inc Inside Pakistan's Military Economy ✓ 304 pages Download ´ ✈ [PDF / Epub] ✅ Military Inc Inside Pakistan's Military Economy By Ayesha Siddiqa ✸ – Pakistan occupies a paradoxical even contradictory place in American forIng of the military and corporate sectors? What does it mean for Pakistan’s economic development let alone for hopes of an eventual return to democracy and de militarization? This new edition brings Siddia’s account fully up to date with a new preface and conclusion that emphasize the changing role of the med Hmmmi don’t knowit leaves a lot to be desired there was too much repetition of the same points over and over again which I felt was just to prolong it enough to call it a book It could have easily been shrunk into an essay Like one reviewer mentioned had she included short interviews of retired officials it would have made an interesting read It seemed like an amalgamation of few books that she read for her research to write this one Yes there were stats tables and diagrams but it still left me disappointed because I expected this book to enhance my understanding as a layman which sadly it didn’t

mobi æ Military Inc Inside Pakistan's Military Economy ´ Ayesha Siddiqa

Pakistan occupies a paradoxical even contradictory place in American foreign policy Nominally a strategic ally in the war on terror it is the third largest recipient of US aid in the world At the same time it is run by its military and intelligence service whose goals certainly do not always overlap with US prior The author starts the book by defining MilbusMilbus refers to military capital that is used for the personal benefit of the military fraternity especially the officer cadre but is neither recorded nor part of the defence budget Milbus in Pakistan is part of the tribute that the military extracts for providing services such as national security The exploitation of national resources by the elite is a result of the peculiar nature of the precapitalist politico economic system The deliberate concealment of Milbus is meant to project the military as being honest and less corrupt than civilian players Milbus compromises of two broad but distinct set of activities1 Profit making through the privatization of security this trend is mostly followed by the developed economies 2 Military engagement in non traditional roles such as farming or running businesses like hotels airlines banks or real estate agencies this occurs mainly in developing economies The businesses run by the four foundations the Fauji Foundation Army Welfare Trust Shaheed Trust and Bahria Foundation are very diverse in nature ranging from small scale ventures such as bakeries farms schools and private security farms to corporate enterprises such as commercial banks insurance companies radio and television channels fertilizers cement and cereal manufacturing plants Whereas the Fauji Foundation and the Army Welfare Trust are the largest business conglomerates in the countryOver the 72 years of Pakistan's history the army has experienced direct power four times and learnt to negotiate authority when not directly in control of the government Pervez Musharraf formed the National Security Council in 2004 and transformed the status of the military from being an instrument of policy to an awesomely powerful organization that could protect its interests as an eual member of the ruling elite Milbus is both politically and socially expensive Politically it nurtures the military's power ambitions and socially it reduces the society's acceptability of the military as an arbitrator and increases the alienation of the underprivileged the dispossessed and the have notsMilitary rules takes 3 forms 1 Personal the political system is dominated by the dictator who distributes restrictively along his sycophants 2 Oligarchic the ruling class relies on support of an otherwise autonomous military institution 3 Corporatist the institutional involvement of the military in politics and governance Pakistan's politics have had a highly elitist nature because the ruling elite tried to partner with the military to pursue their political and economic interests The civil military bureaucracy played a key role in giving birth to the indigenous bourgeoisie or the business industrialist class which formed part of the dominant elite All military regimes create clients which act as the civilian face of the military and legitimize the military's control and are nourished by the defense establishment for the times when the bulk of the military has to withdraw to the barracks The military basically replaced one set of corrupt politicians with another in order to sustain its own power base The main controlling authority for the defence establishment is the Ministry of Defence MoD The MoD controls four main planks of Milbus the Service Headuarters the Department of Military Land and Cantonment ML the FF and the Rangers a paramilitary force Other institutions such as the National Logistic Cell NLC The Frontier Work Organization and the Special Communications Organization are controlled by the army NLC instead of revitalizing the Pakistan Railways which had until the creation of the military transport company been the main cargo transporter in the country The creation of NLC was not a case of privatizing cargo transport but of shifting work from one public sector institution to another and hence creating a duplication of efforts The blatant use of intelligence agencies to manipulate and overthrow governments had left civilian governments too insecure to challenge the military's involvement in business The Accountability Ordinance passed by Musharraf precluded the military and judiciary from being uestioned under the new accountability rules because the military have their own accountability procedures Military feudalism denotes a set of economic and political relations and a pattern of social behavior The monopolization and control of land is understood as a symbol of power which adds to the powerful image of the armed forces Military uses three methods for acuiring and developing housing schemes1 Houses constructed on state land2 Private land appropriated with or without enough compensation and developed into housing schemes by military subsidiaries 3 Private land acuired bu DHAs the management of which falls under the purview of the Army GHInvestment in real estate became rampant after 911 and also during the Afghan War when there was an extraordinary flow of dollars in Pakistan as aid People have greater faith in investing in military controlled schemes because there are fewer instances of fraud than in civilian schemes Military personnel attribute this to their indisputable capacity for discipline and better management Pakistan's military welfare system is based on two distinct models 1 Fauji Foundation Model the conservative

Ayesha Siddiqa ´ Military Inc Inside Pakistan's Military Economy text

Military Inc Inside Pakistan's Military EconomyIties             This book offers a close look at what the rise of the military has meant for Pakistani society Ayesha Siddia shows how entrenched the military has become not just in day to day governance but in the Pakistani corporate sector as well What are the conseuences of this unprecedented merg Overall an educating read But one that doesn't leave impressions as far as uality of research and analysis is concerned Seems like an hurriedly published work