kindle î Something New Under the Sun An Environmental History of the Twentieth Century World Global Century Series 448 pages õ horticulturetrader

mobi Something New Under the Sun An Environmental History of the Twentieth Century World Global Century Series

kindle î Something New Under the Sun An Environmental History of the Twentieth Century World Global Century Series 448 pages õ horticulturetrader ¹ [Reading] ➻ Something New Under the Sun An Environmental History of thThe history of the twentieth century is most often told through its world wars the rise and fall of communism or its economic upheavals In his startling new book J R McNeill gives us our first general account of what may prove to be the most significant dimension of the twentieth century its environmental history To a degree unprecedented in human history we have refashioned the earth's air water and soil and the biosphere o The one sentence review I just said to Joy was We tried to do good but we had no idea what the fuck we were doing She said that pretty much sums up the personal training field as well Maybe that is an appropriate one sentence review for humanity as a whole

doc ´ Something New Under the Sun An Environmental History of the Twentieth Century World Global Century Series ´ John Robert McNeill

E The Crust of the Earth3 The Atmosphere Urban History4 The Atmosphere Regional and Global History5 The Hydrosphere The History of Water Use and Water Pollution6 The Hydrosphere Depletions Dams and Diversions7 The Biosphere Eat and Be Eaten8 The Biosphere Forests Fish and InvasionsPART TWO ENGINES OF CHANGE9 More People Bigger Cities10 Fuels Tools and Economics11 Ideas and Politics12 Epilogue So What?BibliographyCreditsIndex This environmental history is based on a fascinating premise That because of all the technological changes that the 20th century engendered its impact on the world we live in was unlike any other era's On the demerit side the book reads like the textbook that it is And because it casts such a wide net examining everything from whaling in Japan to groundwater in the high plains of the United States it takes on a survey like uality in which too many topics are too briefly touched upon

John Robert McNeill ´ Something New Under the Sun An Environmental History of the Twentieth Century World Global Century Series reader

Something New Under the Sun An Environmental History of the Twentieth Century World Global Century SeriesF which we are a part Based on exhaustive research McNeill's story a compelling blend of anecdotes data and shrewd analysis never preaches it is our definitive account This is a volume in The Global Century Series general editor Paul Kennedy ContentsList of maps and tablesForeword by Paul KennedyAcknowledgmentsPreface1 Prologue Peculiarities of a Prodigal CenturyPART ONE THE MUSIC OF THE SPHERES2 The Litosphere and Pedospher This book which aims to present an ecological history of the 20th century but which does than that is one of the first really comprehensive global environmental history books I've read It is balanced mostly neutral in tone has a historian's caution in interpreting past and recent events and prognoses for the future While generally well written it is a little less engaging in the beginning but becomes better towards the endThe span is impressive effects on soil water air ecosystems and biodiversity; themes of economic growth industrialisation farming of land and water and ocean and the so called Green Revolution dams and infrastructure democratisation coal oil and energy globalisation medical and public health changes and of course environmentalism itself Its pages encapsulate an amazing range of items and ideas from the history of chainsaws and tractors to cars and nuclear power from the history of chemical fertilizers and leaded gasoline to CFCs and greenhouses gases Most fascinating of all are the accounts of the people responsible and the nations underlying these changes and how people and nations have changed and been changed by the environment There is some interesting sidelights to read here How Fritz Haber the co inventor of the Haber Bosch process that brought us today's urea and nitrogen crisis also spent World War I creating poison gas for the German military which led his wife to commit suicide How Thomas Midgely the inventor of 'freon' the first of the ozone depleting chlorofluorocarbons CFCs and of the use of lead in engine performance “had impact on the atmosphere than any other single organism in earth history” Midgely later contracted polio and invented a peculiar contraption to get himself in and out of bed which ultimately went awry and strangulated him to death The chapter on air pollution makes fascinating and compelling reading highly relevant to today's context How a London fog of 1873 was so dense that people walked into the River Thames because they couldn't see it How air pollution killed as many people as were killed in the 20th century in both world wars combined “similar to the global death toll from the 1918–1919 influenza pandemic the twentieth century’s worst encounter with infectious disease” How for people “ breathing Calcutta’s air after 1975 was euivalent to smoking a pack of Indian cigarettes a day Nearly two thirds of the population in the 1980s suffered lung ailments attributed to air pollution chiefly particulates” How “Coal soon signed its own death warrant as London’s fuel by killing 4000 people in the fog of December 4–10 1952 Chilly weather and stagnant air meant a million chimneys’ smoke” McNeill writes about urban smog and indoor pollution from burning coal and biomass in the domestic hearth adding chillingly how air pollution only added to the environmental crisis brought by water pollution in the twentieth century “Indoor air pollution particularly in the poorer countries where biomass and coal served as domestic fuels produced the same ailments and probably killed millions That said it is well to remember that polluted water caused far death and disease than did polluted air in the twentieth century”Fascinating and manifold McNeill recounts a range of events of great environmental import the Dutch transmigration of 1905 in Indonesia the Soviets ploughing into the steppes the Brazilian push into ia waste management in Curitiba and Tokyo and Mexico Peru's anchoveta collapse and the assault on the world's fisheries the dam building boom in the 1960s when at least one dam was being built per day on average in the world the ecological footprint of cities from Delhi and Beijing and Singapore to others the oil spills in Nigeria and the history of dependence on coal and oil about medicine and public health and the impact of small pox and its eventual conuest until only “samples of the virus remain in freezers in laboratories in Atlanta and the Siberian city of Koltsovo” and so on and on McNeill also has a uirky way of looking at world events Writing about invasive alien species he says “So in the tense Cold War atmosphere of the early 1980s American ecosystems launched a first strike with the comb jelly and the USSR’s biota retaliated with the zebra mussel The damaging exchange probably resulted from the failures of Soviet agriculture which prompted the grain trade from North America trade ships ballast water”Writing about the environmentalism and the global fixation on a single point agenda of economic growth he also draws on the Gandhi – Nehru divide uoting Gandhi “'God forbid that India should ever take to industrialism after the manner of the West If an entire nation of 300 million this was in 1928 took to similar economic exploitation it would strip the world bare like locusts' Gandhi was exceptional most Indian nationalists like Jawaharlal Nehru wanted an industrial India locustlike if need be” And how independence from colonial powers did little to transform the trend of human impact on the environment “In environmental matters as in so many respects independence often proved no than a change in flags” McNeill draws a brief history of the environmental movement and how it was fostered by effective communication of science and ideas singling out the work of the author of Silent Spring “Successful ideas reuire great communicators to bring about wide conversion The single most effective catalyst for environmentalism was an American auatic zoologist with a sharp pen Rachel Carson 1907–1964” Yet how has the movement fared in bringing change? Mc Neill writes “When Zhou Enlai longtime foreign minister of Mao’s China and a very worldly man was asked about the significance of the French Revolution some 180 years after the event he replied that it was still too early to tell So it is after only 35 years with modern environmentalism”In the end McNeill highlights how both ecology and history are highly integrative disciplines as this book itself highlights and that they need to understand and work with each other if we are to make sense of our environmental movement past and future